Published by the Board of Editors in the Life Sciences
Beyond the Periodic Table
By Ann Morcos, ELS
Our perception of reality is that a natural order exists for all things in the universe and that that order reveals a natural flow. The icon of chemistry, the periodic table, was developed as an aid in understanding the elements and their relationships to one another. But does the traditional periodic table reflect our perception of reality.
History of the Periodic Table
Several European scientist in the 1860s began grouping chemical elements according to their function. A. F. Béguyer de Chancourtois, a Frecnh geologist, developed a list of elements arranged according to increasing atomic weight. John A. R. Newlands, a British analytical chemist, noted that chemical groups repeated every 8 elements. Dimitrii Mendeleev, a Russian chemist, and Lothar Meyer, a German chemist, independently arranged the elements into 7columns, each column corresponding to various chemical and physical properties. Their tables were similar: however, Mendeleev’s revealed the periodic relationship between chemical groups. Mendeleev arranged the 63 elements known during his time on the basis of atomic mass rather than atomic weight, as others has done. He then grouped the elements into rows and columns on the basis of their physical and chemical properties. It was not known in Mendeleev’s time what atoms were made of or why they behaved the way they do. Nevertheless, on basis of the patters revealed by his arrangement of the elements, he was able to predict the existence and properties of new, yet undiscovered elements.
The periodic table provides valuable information. From the position of an elements on the table. The electron configuration can be inferred. Elements in the same column have identical valence electron configurations and therefore behave in a similar way chemically. If you are familiar with hoe the table is put together, you can determine all sorts of information about an elements, even if you have never heard of it.
Mendeleev’s periodic table has changed over time, as the understanding of chemistry has evolved. Elements have been added as they have been discovered, more accurate values have been developed, references have been modified, column labels have been changed, and the positions of some elements has been shifted. Over the years, many shapes has been used for the table, including 3D, spiral, circle, pyramids, and rectangles. However, the periodic table used today in laboratories everywhere differ little from Mendeleev’s table developed almost 130 years ago.
Has the time come for a new periodic table?
For more information and to see samples of the schemata, visit:
Charles William Johnson believes it has, and, in fact, has created one. Johnson specializes in international relations and oriental studies. He lived in Mexico for 20 years, where be studied and obtained degrees in Latin American studies. Oriental studies, sociology and international relations, was a researcher at the Institute of Social Science and taught in the social and political science at the school of Political Science in the theoretical fields of sociology and political science at the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Currently, he works as bilingual interpreter and translator in New Orleans, Louisiana. Since 1992, he has been researching science in ancient artwork. He studied the ancient Maya long-count reckoning system (the manner in which the ancient reckoned time and space is their calendrical and astronomical system of knowledge) and saw that it could be applied to the traditional periodic table. He saw that number within the periodicity of time in the ancient reckoning system were relevant to the numerical progression within the elements and the nature of periodicity within the periodic table itself.
Johnson calls his design the schemata of the elements. Using color-coded images, the design reveals new patterns of symmetry among the elements. New properties and characteristics of the elements can be illustrated that are not evident on the conventional table. When data are placed onto the schemata with their color-coded squares, properties and characteristics of elements become clear.
Johnson´s proposed schemata allow the visualization of periodicity with a proportional spacing among the elements. Other behavioral aspect of the elements. Other behavioral aspects of the elements can be visualized and rendered into images at atomic and molecular levels. New Patterns or symmetry that are not detected on the conventional table become clear with Johnson’s color-code schemata.
So rather than there being only I periodic table, there can be scores, each depicting a different characteristic or behavior of the elements. In the book The Schemata of the Elements, Johnson present over 150 different schemata that depict aspects and characteristic of the behavior of the elements.
Many “irregularities” seem to exist in the behavior of the elements and their atoms as shown on the conventional table. However with the schemata that include the Lanthanide and Actinide Series (generally placed below the conventional table), it becomes clear that these irregularities are actually quite regular. The schemata including these series do not break up the numerical progression of the atoms numbers and electronic configuration of the elements.
Many new patterns and subpatterns of symmetry are being revealed for the first time. For example, the placement of elements 71 and 103 are clarified with the schemata. This is a significant advancement in knowledge; however, it is small when compared with the numerous other relationships the schemata reveal.
“I pondered the ancient reckoning systems and stumbled on the idea for the schemata” said Johnson. “A periodic table of elements that coincides with our perception of reality has been needed for a long time. The symmetries found in the schemata and their visual patterns are reflected in everything we observe every day of our lives”