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Science Today
The Theoretical Interpretation of Spacetime/motion

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The Formula in Einstein's Equation
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The Planck Constants Based on the Fundamental Physical Constants
The Periodic Table: The Periodic Schemata of the Elements
The Earth/matriX Human Karyotype

The Speed of Light in a Vacuum is Not the Maximum Speed of Matter-Energy

electromagnetic particle-wave path
Superluminal Electromagnetic Particle-Wave Path

Electromagnetic Particle-Waves [EMPW]:
Superluminal White Light and Its Colors

Charles William Johnson

Science writers like analogies. Here is one that explains why the different colors of visible|white light travel at different wavelengths and frequencies. The reason has to do with avoiding interference with regard to the transmission and reception of visible light specifically, and with regard to the entire spectrum of electromagnetic particle-waves [EMPW]  in general.

Consider the similarities between a four-minute mile foot race and the speed of electromagnetic particle-waves [EMPW], i.e., the speed of visible light in a vacuum. Commonly referred inversely in the science literature as the wave-particle duality. Physically one must begin with the particle and then the wave of particles. Since the wave theory was developed first in science writing, the common usage continues to be presented inversely [wave-particle] as to how these occur temporally in spacetime.

With that said consider the 4-minute mile foot race compared to the speed of light traveled in a vacuum during a measured period of one second between two points.

Science writing today defines exactly the speed of visible light as traveled in one second, as being 299,792,458 meters/second. The measurement is obtained as an abstracted straight line between two selected points: A and B. The speed of light in one second determines the relationship of distance|time. However, given the fact that the electromagnetic particle-wave travels along a curved line, as in a sine wave, there is no presence of matter-energy along the abstracted straight line; nothing exists there.


In a sense, something similar occurs with the 4-minute mile foot race as measured distance|time, between the Starting and the Finish lines.


Runners occupy different lanes within the race track as shown, with adjustments made at the Starting Line in order that each runner runs exactly one mile distance. The object is to beat the 4-minute mile goal. All runners are required to leave the starting line at the same split-second or be disqualified. But, the object is to beat the other runners to the Finish First, ahead of all other runners.

Visible light:

frequencies 4-7.5x1014 Hz; wavelengths: 750-400nm

 With regard to the speed of white light, all electromagnetic particle-waves (different colors) leave at the same time and arrive at the same time. Necessarily for visible light to exercise its being, the different electromagnetic particle-waves of color leave point A at the same begin moment/time and arrive at point B at the same end moment/time, simultaneously together. 

With the 4-minute mile race, the winning racers who reach the finish line at the same end moment/time; must have a run-off race, a tie-breaker. The colors in visible light must always produce the same arrival time.

The racers in the 4-minute mile foot race have to stick to their own corridor and be sure not to invade the lane of the other racers, or risk being disqualified.  With electromagnetic particle-waves, something similar happens. Each color (EMPW) has its own path, or corridor within which it travels so as not to interfere with the other colors. Each color achieves this by having its own defined wavelength and frequency.


Each of the foot racers travels along a different corridor that is supposedly the same length, although of a different shape along a curved path on the racetrack. Each color travels about a perceived straight line from point A to B in one second, each color along a different curvilinear path with a unique wavelength and frequency. 

The different corridors established by different wavelengths and frequencies traveled by the white|color electromagnetic particle-waves avoid interference among the different particle-waves.

And, this also means that the particular particle-waves of different paths, wavelengths and frequencies travel the defined one-second course at greater/lesser velocities among themselves. Further, all of them travel faster than the defined speed of light in a vacuum abstracted as of the straight line between points A and B.

The obvious conclusion, as pointed out in other essays, is that the currently defined speed of light in a vacuum is a limited definition, and does not represent the maximum speed of matter-energy in spacetime/motion. Also, all electromagnetic particle-waves of visible light (white|color light) travel at superluminal speeds ---meaning above the defined speed of light in a vacuum. Beyond these limited observations, all electromagnetic particle-waves [EMPWs] travel at velocities greater than the defined speed of light in a vacuum.

            In essence, then, it is necessary to take into consideration the superluminal velocities of the different electromagnetic particle-waves and their unique paths, wavelengths and frequencies, in order to understand the nature of light and its purported measured velocity as restrictively defined by today's science writers.

©2014 Copyrighted by Charles William Johnson, Earth/matriX Editions, P.O. Box 231126, New Orleans, LA 70183-1126

Superluminal Velocities of Matter-Energy

Superluminal Velocities
Electromagnetic Particle-Waves
Always Travel Faster than the Defined Speed of Light in a Vacuum

There are a number of deficiencies in the theoretical reasoning of special relativity. Firstly, it is stated that nothing can travel above the limit of the speed of light in a vacuum. Then, it is found that “some thing” can actually travel superluminally, but this discovery is not given its due. It is quickly brushed aside as irrelevant, not only to the theoretical interpretation of spacetime, but actually as being irrelevant to its existence in spacetime.
I find it difficult to accept this kind of immaterial reasoning about the physical and material aspects of matter-energy in spacetime/motion. Such statements, I find, are completely contradictory and inexactly stated. In my view, the known superluminal velocities of matter-energy cannot be brushed aside so easily as to declare them irrelevant or meaningless with the purpose of maintaining the beliefs in the theory of special relativity.
This essay treats some of the theoretical deficiencies in special relativity and the discoveries relating to superluminal velocities of matter-energy. ...more click...


Electromagnetic Particle-Wavesreasoning about the physical and material aspects of matter-energy in spacetime/motion

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Scientists discover new form of light

Published: May 17, 2016 at 10:36 AM ( click See more )

Brooks Hays

DUBLIN, Ireland, May 17 (UPI) -- Researchers in Ireland have discovered a new form of light. Their discovery is expected to reshape scientists' understanding of light's basic nature.

Angular momentum describes the rotation of a light beam around its axis. Until now, researchers believed the angular momentum was always a multiple of Planck's constant -- a constant ratio that describes the relationship between photon energy and frequency, and also sets the scale for quantum mechanics.

The newly discovered form of light, however, features photons with an angular momentum of just half the value of Planck's constant. The difference sounds small, but researchers say the significance of the discovery is great.

© 2016 United Press International, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

.....The difference sounds small, but researchers say the significance
of the discovery is great. - See more at:

There are many ways to spin a photon: Half-quantization of a total optical angular momentum

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