
Einstein's Formula: Mass Confusion(c^{9} = c^{7} c^{2} the Basis of E = mc^{2})Charles William JohnsonEarth/matriX: Science TodayĐDecember 20102013 Copyrighted.Einstein's formula supposedly derives from the following equation in one of his manuscripts from 1905. From this equation, supposedly Einstein's formula was deduced as follows: E = mc^{2} For around 105 years, physicists have been toying with this formula, praising the discovery and meaning of the square of the speed of light in a vacuum. It is affirmed that csquare holds the key to the equivalency and conversion between mass and energy. Einstein has been revered since that time as the father of the theory of relativity, as well as the one who discovered the importance of the factor of c^{2} Often, the numerical expressions for Planck energy [ fractal 1.9561 ] and Planck mass [fractal 2.17644] are substituted for the terms of E and m respectively in the formula. E = mc^{2} Generally, that relation of equivalency is cited as representing the confirmation of the formula and the conversion of massenergy or, energymass. With those numbers, one is convinced that the formula works and that the importance of the csquare factor has been confirmed. Scientists often state that they do not know why the csquare factor works, but that it works. Besides not knowing how Einstein happened upon the importance of csquare, many do not know how Planck derived the numerical value for mass [2.17644] or, how some of the other Planck units were derived... more... Planck Mass and Planck Energy Questioned The numerical value for
Planck mass cited by scientists is approximately, 2.17644
and/or 2.17645, whose value apparently represents a roundedoff
fractal expression of the seventh power of the speed of
light in a vacuum [c^{7}], 2176.431087. The
question then is what will become of all the computations
based on such a thesis? And, I say thesis because
the concept of Planck mass is a theoretical proposition
without any material basis in actual measurements. E = mc^{2}
Then, essentially one is stating a trivial expression as follows, trivial as mathematicians say, everybody knows this: c^{9}
= c^{7} c^{2} Now, inasmuch as c reflects the speed of a massless photon, theoretical questions arise as to whether the concept of mass is even in the equation. Also, the csquare [c^{2}] theoretical concept may not be as significant as historically considered, since in this case, its meaning is derived as of its relationship to the same term, c, only repeated for different powers. One may also question how for decades so much theoretical writing in physics has been based upon a mere interplay of fractal powers of c. " Charles William Johnson " 
Planck Units of Mass, Momentum and Energy Check out the brief commentary that illustrates how certain Planck Units are powers of c, the speed of light in a vacuum. In fact, Planck mass, 2.17644, is actually the seventh power of c. The implications for theoretical interpretations about units of measurement and the conversion of massenergy are farreaching.... click E = mc^{2} is simply c^{9} = c^{7}c^{2}This equivalency of powers of c, speed of light in vacuo, means that c2 is not as significant as physicists believe; it is merely relational to powers of c, as is its own nature. Further, there is no treatment of mass in Einstein's formula based on the numerical values of Planck mass and Planck energy, as these reflect values for the massless light photon. The formula does not treat the general conversion of mass  energy, but rather simply fractal multiples of powers of c, the speed of light in vacuo. click ... sales: Harvard Book Store The Formula in Einstein's EquationThe more one examines what
has come to be known as "Einstein's Formula", the more it
appears that Albert Einstein did not really create this specific
formula, nor did he actually subscribe to it. E=mc^{2} Avogadro's Constant: A Fractal Multiple of Planck Mass or c^{7}It is now somewhat understandable that Planck constants, Einstein's formula/equation, together with the Avogadro constant have numerical values that are derived as of c and also derive c and its corresponding powers. The interplay of these three main bodies of computations in physics requires further analysis in order to be able to comment on the concept of natural units. A glaring question is whether natural units will necessarily be based on the speed of a light photon. In fact, it represents a fractal multiple relational to Planck mass. .... more ...click... sales: "Harvard Book Store"... 

The Speed of Light in a Vacuum is Not the Maximum Speed of MatterEnergy 

Electromagnetic ParticleWaves [EMPW]: Charles William Johnson 

Science writers like analogies. Here is one that explains why the different colors of visiblewhite light travel at different wavelengths and frequencies. The reason has to do with avoiding interference with regard to the transmission and reception of visible light specifically, and with regard to the entire spectrum of electromagnetic particlewaves [EMPW] in general. Consider the similarities between a fourminute mile foot race and the speed of electromagnetic particlewaves [EMPW], i.e., the speed of visible light in a vacuum. Commonly referred inversely in the science literature as the waveparticle duality. Physically one must begin with the particle and then the wave of particles. Since the wave theory was developed first in science writing, the common usage continues to be presented inversely [waveparticle] as to how these occur temporally in spacetime. With that said consider the 4minute mile foot race compared to the speed of light traveled in a vacuum during a measured period of one second between two points. Science writing today defines exactly the speed of visible light as traveled in one second, as being 299,792,458 meters/second. The measurement is obtained as an abstracted straight line between two selected points: A and B. The speed of light in one second determines the relationship of distancetime. However, given the fact that the electromagnetic particlewave travels along a curved line, as in a sine wave, there is no presence of matterenergy along the abstracted straight line; nothing exists there. In a sense, something similar occurs with the 4minute mile foot race as measured distancetime, between the Starting and the Finish lines. Runners occupy different lanes within the race track as shown, with adjustments made at the Starting Line in order that each runner runs exactly one mile distance. The object is to beat the 4minute mile goal. All runners are required to leave the starting line at the same splitsecond or be disqualified. But, the object is to beat the other runners to the Finish First, ahead of all other runners.

With regard to the speed of white light, all electromagnetic particlewaves (different colors) leave at the same time and arrive at the same time. Necessarily for visible light to exercise its being, the different electromagnetic particlewaves of color leave point A at the same begin moment/time and arrive at point B at the same end moment/time, simultaneously together. With the 4minute mile race, the winning racers who reach the finish line at the same end moment/time; must have a runoff race, a tiebreaker. The colors in visible light must always produce the same arrival time. The racers in the 4minute mile foot race have to stick to their own corridor and be sure not to invade the lane of the other racers, or risk being disqualified. With electromagnetic particlewaves, something similar happens. Each color (EMPW) has its own path, or corridor within which it travels so as not to interfere with the other colors. Each color achieves this by having its own defined wavelength and frequency. Each of the foot racers travels along a different corridor that is supposedly the same length, although of a different shape along a curved path on the racetrack. Each color travels about a perceived straight line from point A to B in one second, each color along a different curvilinear path with a unique wavelength and frequency. The different corridors established by different wavelengths and frequencies traveled by the whitecolor electromagnetic particlewaves avoid interference among the different particlewaves. And, this also means that the particular particlewaves of different paths, wavelengths and frequencies travel the defined onesecond course at greater/lesser velocities among themselves. Further, all of them travel faster than the defined speed of light in a vacuum abstracted as of the straight line between points A and B. The obvious conclusion, as pointed out in other essays, is that the currently defined speed of light in a vacuum is a limited definition, and does not represent the maximum speed of matterenergy in spacetime/motion. Also, all electromagnetic particlewaves of visible light (whitecolor light) travel at superluminal speeds meaning above the defined speed of light in a vacuum. Beyond these limited observations, all electromagnetic particlewaves [EMPWs] travel at velocities greater than the defined speed of light in a vacuum. In essence, then, it is necessary to take into consideration the superluminal velocities of the different electromagnetic particlewaves and their unique paths, wavelengths and frequencies, in order to understand the nature of light and its purported measured velocity as restrictively defined by today's science writers. ©2014 Copyrighted by Charles William Johnson, Earth/matriX Editions, P.O. Box 231126, New Orleans, LA 701831126 
Charles William Johnson, email: johnson@earthmatrix.com
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