Science Today
The Theoretical Interpretation of Spacetime/motion

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The physics paradigm today is based mainly upon the concept of c-square, the squaring of the speed of light in a vacuum. Numerous fundamental physical and chemical constants provided in the physics literature [CODATA] reflect numerical values based upon powers of c, the speed of light in vacuo. The speed of light in a vacuum is determined to represent the upper limit of movement of mass|energy by physicists.
The upper speed limit for a light photon is 299792458 meters/second. The square of that number produces a numerical value that does not exist in any form of matter-energy. The c-square actually represents a number that corresponds to a near massless event: a light photon. The author goes beyond a critique of Albert Einstein’s famous formula based upon this unreal number. The rejection of Einstein’s formula is explored through basic math, the summation of powers in the equation’s terms.
A common procedure followed in deriving many of the CODATA recommendations is to divide certain fundamental physical constants by the value of the elementary charge, e, 1.602176487. With regard to the Planck constants and units of measurement, the case is argued that Max Planck may have simply reversed engineered this procedure in order to derive his natural units.


The Formula in Einstein's Equation

Charles William Johnson

©30 December 2010 Copyrighted

Earth/matriX Editions

           The more one examines what has come to be known as "Einstein's Formula", the more it appears that Albert Einstein did not really create this specific formula, nor did he actually subscribe to it. 

E  =  mc2

...From the text, it appears that Einstein has his own reservations about the now famous formula, which through his own words seems to disassociate himself from it. The quote in the cited text: "It is customary to express the equivalence of mass and energy (though somewhat inexactly) by the formula E=mc², in which c represents the velocity of light, about 186,000 miles per second. E is the energy that is contained in a stationary body; m is its mass. The energy that belongs to the mass m is equal to this mass, multiplied by the square of the enormous speed of light - which is to say, a vast amount of energy for every unit of mass."[Emphasis mine.]


          Obviously, then, unit 1.0 of the equation specifies that mass may be the variable for 0 to infinity [ 0 - ∞ ]: 

E  =  mc2

 E  =  1.0 (c2 ); or E  =  1m(c2)

Unite one mass = c2

 and, further, consequently

 E  =  c2

...          In order to comprehend the underlying relationship between the left side of the equation and the right side of the equation, it is necessary to continue the computations by employing Planck mass, expressed precisely as 2176.431087.

E  =  mc2  

E  =  2176.431087  times  8.987551787

 E  =  19560.78711  = c9


          Rather, the actual answer to the equation is: 

E  =  c9  =  19560.78711

...          The E2 term predetermines deriving the square root of 382624392.1.  But, actually the result on the right side of the equation is in reality the eighteenth power of c, the speed of light in vacuo. 

c18  =  382624392.1

...    In this manner, the original squaring of Einstein's equation, E  =  mc2,

expressed as E2  =  m2c4 , in fact represents c18  =  m2c4 .  The equation should be written as such: ...

 (c9 ) times c9  =  [(c7times  c7 ] times [ (c4 ) times c4 ]...

Therefore, if one follows the instructions of the stated formula, E2  =  m2c4 , then E equals 14200725.87, c to the fifteenth power. But, if one follows the numerical values of Planck mass, then the left side of the equation, the E-term, equals the thirtieth power of c, the speed of light in vacuo. In either instance, the left side of the equation is merely a multiple of the roots/powers of c.


          In either case, additional observations are in order regarding the theoretical concept of the possible equivalency between energy|mass, but these observations are irrelevant at this stage in the analysis of the math implied in the formulae of Einstein's equations as presented in this essay.  


©30 December 2010-2013 Copyrighted by Charles William Johnson. All rights reserved. Reproduction prohibited by an means.

Earth/matriX Editions, P.O. Box 231126, New Orleans, Louisiana 70183-1126, USA.

Einstein's Formula: Mass Confusion
Einstein's Formula: A Special Case
Fundamental Physical Constants Notes: Fractal Multiples and Einstein's Equation
Einsteinís Formula and Variations of Redundancies