Article Einstein 1905:  Emission and Transformation of Light
Science Today
The Theoretical Interpretation of Spacetime/motion



Spacetime Discontinuum

A Commentary on the Word-concepts and Corresponding Theses in Einstein's 1905 Article

"Concerning an Heuristic Point of View Toward the Emission and Transformation of Light"

By Charles William Johnson

The predominant thesis in physics at the time of Einstein's article on "Concerning an Heuristic Point of View Toward the Emission and Transformation of Light", with regard to the wave nature of light-energy, as cited by Einstein, was.

"Energy is to be considered a continuous spatial function" [predominant thesis]

Einstein's counter thesis proposed in the same article with regard to the idea of the particle nature of light-energy, was:

"The energy of light is discontinuously distributed in space" [Einstein's anti-thesis]

One may consider a contradiction between this particular thesis about discontinuity launched by Einstein with regard to another of his theses concerning the spacetime continuum.

For I will ignore this last contradiction and concentrate my commentary on the particle-wave duality nature regarding light-energy. The following represents a commentary about the underlying theoretical problem in the construction of propositive theoretical ideas and counter propositive theoretical ideas. One scholar says "continuity" and another responds "discontinuity". Neither of these sets of ideas necessarily explains the workings of sapcetime/motion exactly or fully with precision. Each set of ideas singles out a particular spacetime/motion event and identifies that event as the determining event for all related spacetime/motion events.

A theoretical problem interpretation ensues from wording the prevailing thesis and Einstein's supposed anti-thesis of distinction.

A Commentary 

Once the existence of spacetime/motion is recognized as the characterization of all forms of matter-energy, then it is understood that spacetime/motion exists everywhere interconnected. No form of matter-energy exists outside of spacetime/motion. All spacetime/motion events are interconnected even though it may appear as though they are not.

Our own very existence as human beings, a form of matter-energy event, may cause us to appear as though we have an independent existence whereby our very body forms a boundary with the rest of spacetime/motion. But, we exist as part and parcel of a spacetime/motion being within and in relation to all other spacetime/motion forms of matter-energy, within and in relation to spacetime/motion existence itself.

To propose the idea that light exists as a "continuous spatial function" is a redundant and biased statement. The so-called spacetime continuum implies already that everything exists as a continuous spatial function (as well as a continuos temporal function). An exact statement would be "light, as any other form of matter-energy, exists continuously as a spatial/temporal/relational function". This example retains the clumsy wording of the original thesis. I would not state this idea in this manner, but have done so here in order to make a point.

Now, the counter-thesis proposed by Einstein, "the energy of light is discontinuously distributed throughout space", may also be restated. "The energy of light, as any other form of matter-energy, exists apparently discontinuously throughtout spacetime/motion". This idea may be similarly understood in terms of one's own human body forming a boundary between itself and the rest of existence of spacetime/motion.

Every form of matter-energy of spacetime/motion, in fact, exists in an apparent manner of continuous and discontinuous existence, that is, as a separate form of matter-energy interrelated to all other forms of matter-energy.

To identify a specific "quanta" of energy [i.e, amount or quantity of energy], of a specific form of matter-energy, merely identifies the apparent smallest-unit boundaries of a given form of spacetime/motion. The word-concept quantum|quanta refers to the idea of minimum expression of size of existence.

One could understand that there is a basic human quanta to even our bodies as human beings. A case could be made as such on different levels of analysis. Both the male sperm and the female egg could be identified as the basic smallest unit of human life form. Or one could dwell upon the fertilized egg, or, the first moment of growth after the egg is fertilized. Or, one could single out the human fetus, or, thereafter the stages of development of the human fetus. One could surmise whether these constitute a human being as such, or only one in gestation, and so on. Thus, we would arrive at today's debate about when it is supposedly proper to end the life gestation of a human fetus, etc. ---a most unfortunate development in the history of human beings in an attempt to define their very being.

As with all forms of matter-energy, one may cite this example about the supposed definition of a human being as the entire process of gestation as a continunous spatial/temporal/relational process. Or, one may choose to cite the specific moments as the basic quanta of the overall human gestation process.

This so-called theoretical problem of the whole spatial/temporal process and its apparent parts has represented a problem of theoretical analysis for human beings for thousands of years.

The so-called theoretical discussion of light being a [continuous] wave or a [discontinuous] particle ---remember continuous|discontinuous is their wording, not mine--- reflects the same analytic problem of theory offered in the example of the gestation of a human being. For both light and a human being are specific forms of matter-energy of spacetime/motion. Both reflect the same material-energetic process in that regard, just as does any matter-energy event in spacetime/motion as we know it.

In fact, any form of matter-energy chosen for theoretical analysis will suffer the apparent dilemma of the whole|parts dichotomy. The apparent dilemma is derived as of the theoretical inability to comprehend how matter-energy exists as forms of spacetime/motion.

There is no dilemma for the specific forms of matter-energy of spacetime/motion in reality, in the existence of spacetime/motion. There is no theoretical problem in the practical nature of the events cited here as light-energy and/or the human being's gestation. These two events [light-energy; gestation of human being] exist as given forms of matter-energy with their specific aspects|levels, moments|processes, system|relations, that is, as in spacetime/motion.

The theoretical problem of interpretation pertain strictly to us human beings who have a difficult time in translating our interpretative ideas of reality into an explanation of the same.

Space exists specifically as of its aspects|levels; time as of its moments|processes, and motion as of its systems|relations. In analyzing spacetime/motion, we may single out a specific aspect|level for analysis. However, nothing exists either as one or the other. The same occurs with time; we may analyze specific moments|processes, but nothing exists either as one or the other. Likewise, we may analyze specific systems|relatons, but nothing exists either as one or the other.

In fact, for each form of matter-energy, we need to analyze every aspect|level-moment|process-system|relation of each matter-energy event in spacetime/motion.

However, as observed regarding Einstein's 1905 work and the work of many other physicists, a particular aspect|level - moment|process - system|relation is generally isolated in order to produce theoretical interpretations. For this reason, most theoretical interpretations to date are deficient and are constantly undergoing modification.

The modifications derive from other analysts who choose a different set of coordinates for analysis and counterpose them to a distinct set chosen by another analyst. The possibilities for comparative debating are endless and very creative, just as the field of theoretical physics is extremely creative and imaginary.

Consider the

Continuous wave thesis of energy based mainly on the emphasis of:

Energy-light in its aspect|level-moment|process|-system|relation ,

The continuous wave thesis of energy-light then emphasizes its spatial aspect as of the overall temporal process and relational system of its existence.

as distinct from the

Discontinuous particle thesis of energy based mainly on the emphasis of:

Energy-light in its aspect|level-moment|process|-system|relation

The discontinuous particle thesis of energy-light emphasizes its spatial aspect as of a particular temporal moment and a particular relation within its system of existence.

To state this more succinctly, the wave aspect of energy-light concentrates upon multiple manifestations of the energy-light phenomena, while the particle aspect of energy-light concentrates upon a singular manifestation of energy-light phenomenon.

Both aspects|moment|relations of energy-light exist and cannot be counterposed against one another. And this occurs in spite of the fact that physicists attempt to convince us that a specific form of matter-energy can exist simultaneously as both a wave and a particle.

Our human bodies exist as a giant particle, which is a huge set of waves of energy at the same time.

Students are encouraged to carry out a spacetime/motion analysis of the word-concepts and opposing theses in physics in order to understand the nature of science writing today.

continuous section one

*****

A Commentary on the Word-concepts and Corresponding Theses in Einstein's 1905 Article
"Concerning an Heuristic Point of View Toward the Emission and Transformation of Light"

By Charles William Johnson

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