A Commentary on the Word-concepts and
Corresponding Theses in Einstein's 1905 Article
"Concerning an Heuristic Point of View Toward the Emission and Transformation of Light"
By Charles William Johnson
The predominant thesis in physics at the
time of Einstein's article on "Concerning an Heuristic Point of View
Toward the Emission and Transformation of Light", with regard to the wave nature of light-energy, as
cited by Einstein, was.
"Energy is to be considered a
continuous spatial function"… [predominant thesis]
Einstein's counter thesis proposed in the
same article with regard to the idea of the particle nature of
"The energy of light is
discontinuously distributed in space"… [Einstein's anti-thesis]
One may consider a contradiction between this
particular thesis about discontinuity launched by Einstein with regard
to another of his theses concerning the spacetime continuum.
For I will ignore this last contradiction
and concentrate my commentary on the particle-wave duality nature
regarding light-energy. The following represents a commentary about the
underlying theoretical problem in the construction of propositive
theoretical ideas and counter propositive theoretical ideas. One
scholar says "continuity" and another responds "discontinuity". Neither of these sets of ideas necessarily explains the workings of
sapcetime/motion exactly or fully with precision. Each set of ideas singles out
a particular spacetime/motion event and identifies that event as the
determining event for all related spacetime/motion events.
A theoretical problem interpretation ensues
from wording the prevailing thesis and Einstein's supposed anti-thesis of
Once the existence of spacetime/motion is
recognized as the characterization of all forms of matter-energy, then it is
understood that spacetime/motion exists everywhere interconnected. No form
of matter-energy exists outside of spacetime/motion. All spacetime/motion
events are interconnected even though it may appear as though they are not.
Our own very existence as human beings, a
form of matter-energy event, may cause us to appear as though we have an
independent existence whereby our very body forms a boundary with the rest of
spacetime/motion. But, we exist as part and parcel of a spacetime/motion being
within and in relation to all other spacetime/motion forms of matter-energy,
within and in relation to spacetime/motion existence itself.
To propose the idea that light exists as a "continuous
spatial function" is a redundant and biased statement. The so-called
spacetime continuum implies already that everything exists as a continuous
spatial function (as well as a continuos temporal function). An exact statement
would be "light, as any other form of matter-energy, exists
continuously as a spatial/temporal/relational function". This example
retains the clumsy wording of the original thesis. I would not state this idea
in this manner, but have done so here in order to make a point.
Now, the counter-thesis proposed by Einstein, "the
energy of light is discontinuously distributed throughout space", may
also be restated. "The energy of light, as any other form of
matter-energy, exists apparently discontinuously throughtout
spacetime/motion". This idea may be similarly understood in terms of
one's own human body forming a boundary between itself and the rest of
existence of spacetime/motion.
Every form of matter-energy of
spacetime/motion, in fact, exists in an apparent manner of continuous and
discontinuous existence, that is, as a separate form of matter-energy interrelated
to all other forms of matter-energy.
To identify a specific "quanta" of energy [i.e, amount or quantity of energy], of a specific form of
matter-energy, merely identifies the apparent smallest-unit boundaries of a
given form of spacetime/motion. The word-concept quantum|quanta refers to the
idea of minimum expression of size of existence.
One could understand that there is a basic
human quanta to even our bodies as human beings. A case could be made as such
on different levels of analysis. Both the male sperm and the female egg could
be identified as the basic smallest unit of human life form. Or one could dwell
upon the fertilized egg, or, the first moment of growth after the egg is
fertilized. Or, one could single out the human fetus, or, thereafter the stages
of development of the human fetus. One could surmise whether these constitute a
human being as such, or only one in gestation, and so on. Thus, we would arrive
at today's debate about when it is supposedly proper to end the life gestation of
a human fetus, etc. ---a most unfortunate development in the history of human
beings in an attempt to define their very being.
As with all forms of matter-energy, one may
cite this example about the supposed definition of a human being as the entire
process of gestation as a continunous spatial/temporal/relational process. Or,
one may choose to cite the specific moments as the basic quanta of the overall
human gestation process.
This so-called theoretical problem of the
whole spatial/temporal process and its apparent parts has represented a problem
of theoretical analysis for human beings for thousands of years.
The so-called theoretical discussion of
light being a [continuous] wave or a [discontinuous] particle ---remember
continuous|discontinuous is their wording, not mine--- reflects the same
analytic problem of theory offered in the example of the gestation of a human
being. For both light and a human being are specific forms of matter-energy of
spacetime/motion. Both reflect the same material-energetic process in that
regard, just as does any matter-energy event in spacetime/motion as we know it.
In fact, any form of matter-energy chosen
for theoretical analysis will suffer the apparent dilemma of the whole|parts
dichotomy. The apparent dilemma is derived as of the theoretical inability to
comprehend how matter-energy exists as forms of spacetime/motion.
There is no dilemma for the specific forms
of matter-energy of spacetime/motion in reality, in the existence of
spacetime/motion. There is no theoretical problem in the practical nature of
the events cited here as light-energy and/or the human being's gestation. These
two events [light-energy; gestation of human being] exist as given forms of
matter-energy with their specific aspects|levels, moments|processes,
system|relations, that is, as in spacetime/motion.
The theoretical problem of interpretation
pertain strictly to us human beings who have a difficult time in translating
our interpretative ideas of reality into an explanation of the same.
Space exists specifically as of its aspects|levels; time as
of its moments|processes, and motion as of its systems|relations. In
analyzing spacetime/motion, we may single out a specific aspect|level for
analysis. However, nothing exists either as one or the other. The same occurs
with time; we may analyze specific moments|processes, but nothing exists either
as one or the other. Likewise, we may analyze specific systems|relatons, but
nothing exists either as one or the other.
In fact, for each form of matter-energy, we
need to analyze every aspect|level-moment|process-system|relation of each
matter-energy event in spacetime/motion.
However, as observed regarding Einstein's
1905 work and the work of many other physicists, a particular aspect|level -
moment|process - system|relation is generally isolated in order to produce
theoretical interpretations. For this reason, most theoretical interpretations
to date are deficient and are constantly undergoing modification.
The modifications derive from other
analysts who choose a different set of coordinates for analysis and counterpose
them to a distinct set chosen by another analyst. The possibilities for
comparative debating are endless and very creative, just as the field of
theoretical physics is extremely creative and imaginary.
Continuous wave thesis of energy
based mainly on the emphasis of:
Energy-light in its aspect|level-moment|process|-system|relation ,
The continuous wave thesis of energy-light
then emphasizes its spatial aspect as of the overall
temporal process and relational system of
as distinct from the
Discontinuous particle thesis of energy based mainly on the
Energy-light in its aspect|level-moment|process|-system|relation
The discontinuous particle thesis of
energy-light emphasizes its spatial aspect as of a particular
temporal moment and a particular relation within
its system of existence.
To state this more succinctly, the wave
aspect of energy-light concentrates upon multiple manifestations of the
energy-light phenomena, while the particle aspect of energy-light concentrates
upon a singular manifestation of energy-light phenomenon.
Both aspects|moment|relations of
energy-light exist and cannot be counterposed against one another. And this
occurs in spite of the fact that physicists attempt to convince us that a
specific form of matter-energy can exist simultaneously as both a wave and a
Our human bodies exist as a giant
particle, which is a huge set of waves of energy at the same time.
Students are encouraged to carry out a spacetime/motion
analysis of the word-concepts and opposing theses in physics in order
to understand the nature of science writing today.
on the Word-concepts and Corresponding Theses in Einstein's
an Heuristic Point of View Toward the
Emission and Transformation of Light"
By Charles William Johnson
Science in Ancient Artwork Series ISSN-1526-3312
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